Modes of Therapy Explained

Existential counselling is a type of therapy that focuses on helping people find meaning and purpose in their lives. It is based on the philosophy of existentialism, which emphasizes the individual's freedom and responsibility to create their own meaning in life.
Existential therapists believe that people are constantly making choices about how to live their lives, even if they are not aware of it. These choices are shaped by our values, beliefs, and experiences. However, we are not always free to choose what happens to us. Sometimes, we are confronted with difficult or even tragic events that we cannot control.

Existential therapists help people to understand how these events have shaped their lives and how they can make choices that will help them to live a meaningful and fulfilling life.
Social constructionism is a theory that suggests that reality is not objective, but is instead created by social interactions and language. In other words, what we believe to be true is not necessarily true, but is instead a product of our social and cultural context.

Social constructionists believe that our understanding of the world is shaped by the stories we tell ourselves and others. These stories can be helpful or harmful, depending on how they are told.
Social constructionist therapists help people to identify the stories that are limiting them and to create new stories that are more empowering.

Narrative therapy is a type of therapy that is based on the idea that our lives are like stories. We are all the authors of our own stories, and we can choose to rewrite them at any time.
Narrative therapists help people to identify the problem stories in their lives and to rewrite them in a way that is more empowering. They also help people to develop new stories that are more positive and hopeful.

All of these approaches to therapy share a common belief in the power of the human experience. They believe that we are all capable of making positive changes in our lives, and that therapy can help us to do so.

An integrative counsellor with a person-centred focus is a therapist who combines different therapeutic approaches in their practice, with a strong emphasis on the person-centred approach. This means that they believe in the importance of creating a safe and supportive environment for clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences. They also believe in the client's innate capacity for self-healing and growth.

Integrative counsellors with a person-centred focus typically draw from a variety of therapeutic approaches, such as:

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): CBT focuses on the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. CBT therapists help clients to identify and challenge negative or unhelpful thoughts and behaviors.

Psychodynamic therapy: Psychodynamic therapy focuses on the unconscious mind and how past experiences can influence current thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Psychodynamic therapists help clients to understand and work through unconscious conflicts.

Gestalt therapy: Gestalt therapy focuses on the present moment and how clients can become more aware of their bodies and emotions. Gestalt therapists help clients to integrate their thoughts, feelings, and sensations.

Individualised approach: Integrative counsellors can tailor their approach to fit the specific needs of each client.

Flexibility: Integrative counsellors can draw from a variety of therapeutic approaches to provide the most effective treatment for each client.

Holistic approach: Integrative counsellors consider the whole person, including their thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and physical and emotional well-being.

Empowerment: Integrative counsellors believe in the client's ability to heal and grow, and they work to empower clients to take charge of their own lives.